JUNE 2024 ISSUE

Research Article

Impact of African Swine Fever (ASF) Outbreak on the Socioeconomic Status of Backyard Raisers in Aurora Province

Valin Delfin-Bumatay*, Riosahlie Ylar Madrid

Abstract

Swine raising has global potential, contributing to many countries' development and industrial progress. However, the swine industry faces numerous challenges, and one significant issue affecting its progress is the prevalence of African Swine Fever (ASF). This study investigated the impact of African Swine Fever (ASF) on backyard raisers in Aurora Province. Using a descriptive research design, the study assessed ASF's influence on raisers' socio-economic characteristics, losses, and coping strategies. Conducted in Central Aurora, it involved 55 backyard raisers during the 2019 ASF outbreak, ensuring demographic diversity through total enumeration. The research instrument, an interview guide, covers personal profiles, ASF-related losses, coping strategies, and pre/post-ASF swine-raising experiences. Results revealed that the ASF outbreak led to a significant decrease in input expenditures, while labor costs for technician incentives decreased, and spending on cleaning and disinfection declined. Some raisers resorted to loans with minimal interest, settling them after compensation receipt, while others arranged payments upon stock sales. During the ASF outbreak, caretakers, previously employed by some raisers, were no longer sustained, resulting in a drastic decline in sales. Overall, the study contributes essential insights for targeted strategies to enhance the well-being of backyard raisers in Aurora Province, emphasizing the need for sustainable disease management practices. Additionally, investing in research and development for ASF prevention strategies is advised for long-term sustainability without vaccines.

Keywords: African Swine Fever; ASF outbreak; Backyard raisers; Socioeconomic status; Aurora Province

Impact of African Swine Fever (ASF) Outbreak on the Socioeconomic Status of Backyard Raisers in Aurora Province

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