APRIL 2024 ISSUE

Research Article

The Moderation Analysis of Coping Strategies in the Relationship between Anxiety and Aggression among Security Personnel

Abstract

The intricate interplay between emotions and behavior among security personnel is a critical yet underexplored area, particularly given the challenges posed by recent violent incidents in the Philippines. This study delves into the relationships among anxiety, coping strategies, and aggression within this occupational context. Despite the pivotal role played by security professionals, their mental well-being often remains overlooked. This study aims to fill a research gap by investigating how coping strategies moderate the relationship between anxiety and aggression. Data were gathered from a sample of 387 security personnel using self-report measures. Correlation analyses were conducted to assess the connections between anxiety, coping strategies, and aggression. Furthermore, hierarchical multiple regression was employed to examine how coping strategies moderate the link between anxiety and aggression. Results indicate that although anxiety alone may not strongly predict aggression, the interaction with coping strategies notably impacts aggressive behavior. Particularly, problem-focused coping is linked to reduced levels of anxiety and aggression, indicating its protective function in this context. Conversely, avoidant coping exacerbates the anxiety-aggression relationship. Emotion-focused coping yields mixed results. These findings underscore the necessity of tailored interventions to support the psychological well-being of security personnel. Understanding these dynamics is imperative for enhancing the resilience and performance of security teams, ultimately contributing to safer communities. This research advocates for targeted interventions addressing anxiety and promoting effective coping strategies within security organizations.

Keywords: Anxiety; Aggression; Coping strategies; Moderation analysis; Security personnel

The Moderation Analysis of Coping Strategies in the Relationship between Anxiety and Aggression among Security Personnel